Category Archive : Army

Indian army information

Indian army information:- Mentioned details related to the Indian Army will help the NDA & CDS aspirants during the SSB Interview. Students should learn all of them as these will be helpful in the exams.


1Founded1st april 1895
2HeadquarterNew delhi
3MottoService before self
4AnniversryDay15 January
5.ChiefGeneral Manoj Mukund Naravane,PVSM,AVSM,SM,VSM,ADC


Equivalent NATO codeARMY
OF-10Field marshal
OF-8Lieutenant General
OF-7Major General


Subedar MajorSubedarNaib SubedarHavildarNaikLance Naik Sepoy



The Indian Army is a voluntary service, the military draft having never been imposed in India. It is one of the largest standing armies in the world, with 1,237,117 active troops and 960,000 reserve troops.


1.Field Marshal K M Cariappa, OBE
The first field marshal of India, and was conferred the rank on 1 January 1973

2.Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, MC
 The second field marshal of India,who was conferred the rank on 15 January 1986.


Param Vir Chakra Front and Back.png


NameRankDate of actionConflict
Somnath SharmaMajor3 November 1947*Battle of Badgam
Arun KhetarpalSecond Lieutenant16 December 1971*Battle of Basantar
Hoshiar Singh DahiyaMajor17 December 1971Battle of Basantar
Gurbachan Singh SalariaCaptain5 December 1961*Congo Crisis
Albert EkkaLance Naik3 December 1971*Battle of Hilli
Sanjay KumarRifleman5 July 1999Kargil War
Vikram BatraCaptain5 July 1999*Operation Vijay
Manoj Kumar Pandeylieutenant3 July 1999*Operation Vijay
Abdul HamidCompany Quarter Master Havildar10 September 1965*Battle of Asal Uttar
Dhan Singh ThapaMajor20 October 1962Sino-Indian War
Jadunath SinghNaik6 February 1948*Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Rama Raghoba RaneSecond Lieutenant8 April 1948Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Ardeshir TaraporeLieutenant Colonel11 September 1965*Battle of Chawinda
Shaitan SinghMajor18 November 1962*Sino-Indian War
Bana SinghNaib Subedar23 May 1987Operation Rajiv
Ramaswamy ParameshwaranMajor25 November 1987*Operation Pawan
Yogendra Singh YadavGrenadier4 July 1999Battle of Tiger Hill
Piru SinghCompany Havildar Major17 July 1948*Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Karam SinghLance Naik13 October 1948Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Joginder SinghSubedar23 October 1962*Sino-Indian War


1Central commandLucknow
2East commandKolkata
2North commandUdhampur
4South commandPune
5South west commandJaipur
6West commandChandimandir
7Army Training commandShimla


Armoured CorpsThe Armoured Corps Centre and School, Ahmednagar
Regiment of ArtilleryThe School of Artillery, Devlali near Nasik
Corps of Army Air Defence Gopalpur, Odisha.
Army Aviation CorpsCombat Army Aviation Training School, Nasik.
Corps of EngineersCollege of Military Engineering, Pune
Madras Engineer Group, Bangalore
Bengal Engineer Group, Roorkee
Bombay Engineer Group, Khadki near Pune
Corps of SignalsMilitary College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE), Mhow
Two Signal Training Centres at Jabalpur and Goa.
Mechanised InfantryAhmednagar


S.noOperationsdateplaceKey points
1During First Kashmir War1947Kashmir 
2Operation Polo1948HyderabadIndian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the incorporation of the princely state of Hyderabad in Southern India, into the Indian Union
3Operation Vijay1961Goa, Daman & DiuThe operation by the Military of India that led to the freedom of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjidiv Islands from the Portuguese colonial holding in 1961
4During Sino-Indian War1962  
5During Second Kashmir War1965  
6Operation Steeplechase1971 Combined operation against Naxalites
7During Bangladesh Liberation War1971BangladeshSee also Battle of Longewala, Battle of Hilli, Battle of Basantar
8Amalgamation of Sikkim SikkimIndian Army disarmed and disbanded the Royal Guard of the Sikkimese King, after which Sikkim joined India as a State of India.
9During Siachen conflict1984Kashmir 
10Operation Blue Star1984PunjabCarried out to remove separatist religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab.
11Operation Woodrose1984PunjabTook place in the months after Operation Blue Star to “prevent the outbreak of widespread public protest” in the state of Punjab.
12Operation Meghdoot1984 Indian military’s capture of the majority of Siachen Glacier.
13Operation Rajiv1987 Indian military’s capture of Quaid Post/Bana Top.
14Operation Bluebird1987ManipurIndian retaliation operation to the 1987 attacks on the Assam Rifles’ outpost
15Operation Pawan1987Sri LankaOperations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord
16Operation Viraat1988Sri LankaIt was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
17Operation Trishul1988Sri LankaAlong with Operation Viraat, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
18Operation Checkmate1988Sri LankaIt was an anti-insurgency operation carried out by the IPKF against the LTTE in the Vadamarachi area of northern Sri Lanka in June 1988
19Operation Cactus1988MaldivesParacommandos of Indian Army and MARCOS of Indian Navy oust Tamil nationalist mercenaries of PLOTE who instigated a coup in Malé in the Maldives.
20Operation Vijay1999KargilIndian operation to push back the infiltrators from the Kargil Sector, in the 1999 Kargil War.
21Operation Parakram2001  
22Operation Sarp Vinash2003Jammu and KashmirAn assault on the largest system of hideouts used by insurgents in Jammu and Kashmir in which over 60 militants were killed.
23Operation Black TornadoOperation Cyclone2008Mumbai, MaharashtraAgainst the 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks
24Operation Surya Hope2013 For saving people trapped in the Uttarakhand Disaster
25Operation Mehar2014VisakhapatnamCyclone Hudhud
26Operation All Out2015 for flushing out militants from specially Kashmir region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.
27Operation Maitri2015NepalIndia’s Army-led rescue and relief mission in quake-hit Nepal
282015 Indian counter-insurgency operation in Myanmar2015MyanmarIndian Army allegedly conducted hot pursuit of Naga terror outfit NSCN-Khaplang along the India-Myanmar border.
292016 India–Pakistan military confrontation2016 On 29 September 2016, Director General of Military Operations disclosed that Indian Para Commandos allegedly carried out a surgical strike 2–3 km inside Pakistan administered Kashmir crossing the Line of Control.
30Operation Calm Down2016Jammu and Kashmir 
31Operation Sahyog2018KeralaIndian Army launched Operation Sahyog to rescue people in flood-hit Kerala. Indian Army has deployed its men and machinery into disaster relief and rescue operations at Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad and Idukki after incessant rain
32Operation Randori Behak2020Jammu and Kashmir



Command: Indian Army has six operational commands and one training command. Each one is headed by a general officer commanding-in-chief (GOC-in-C), known as the army commander, who is among the seniormost Lieutenant General officers in the army.

Corps: A command generally consists of two or more corps. Indian Army has 14 Corps each one commanded by a general officer commanding (GOC), known as the corps commander, who holds the rank of Lieutenant General.Each corps is composed of three or four divisions. There are three types of corps in the Indian Army: Strike, Holding and Mixed. The Corps HQ is the highest field formation in the army.

Division: A Division is headed by a General Officer Commanding (GOC) in the rank of Major General. The officer is also called as Division Commander and is having a two-star military rank. Typically, a division consists of 3-4 Brigades. At present, the Indian Army has 37 Divisions. They include a number of RAPID (Re-organised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, Infantry Divisions, Mountain Divisions, Armored Divisions and Artillery Divisions that cater to the diversified needs of the Army.

Brigade: A Brigade comprises 3 Battalions and support elements. A Brigade is commanded by a Brigade Commander, who is also called as a Brigadier. In the Army, a Brigadier is a one-star military rank officer.

In additions to regular Brigades, the Army can have other independent Brigades such as Armored Brigades, Artillery Brigades, Infantry Brigades, Parachute Brigade, Air Defence Brigades and Engineer Brigades.

Battalion: A Battalion is also called as a regiment. It is commanded by a Commanding Officer, who is a Colonel rank military officer. Typically a Battalion/Regiment comprises three platoons. A Battalion is the Infantry’s main fighting unit.

Rifle Company: A Rifle Company is commanded by a Company Commander who is of the Lieutenant or Major rank. A Rifle Company comprises of three platoons and has a strength of around 120 personnel.

Platoon: A Platoon is commanded by a Platoon Commander, who is of the Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO). Typically, a Platoon has a total strength of 32 personnel.

Section: It is the smallest unit of the Indian Army with a strength of 10 personnel. A Section is commanded by a non-commissioned officer of the rank of Havildar or Sergeant.




Mountain Strike

India is raising a new mountain strike corps to strengthen its defence along its disputed border with China in the high reaches of the Himalayas.


The Regiment of Artillery is the second largest arm of the Indian Army, constituting nearly one sixth of the Army’s total strength. Originally raised in 1935 as part of the Royal Indian Artillery of the British Indian Army, the Regiment is now tasked with providing the Army’s towed and self-propelled field artillery, including guns, howitzers, heavy mortars, rockets, and missiles.



Army Air Defence

The Corps of Army Air Defence (abbreviated AAD) is an active corps of the Indian Army, and a major combat formation tasked with the air defences of the country from foreign threats. The Corps is responsible for the protection of Indian air space from enemy aircraft and missiles, especially those below 5,000 feet

Army Aviation corps

The Army Aviation Corps is another vital part of the Indian Army formed on 1 November 1986. The army aviation pilots are drawn from other combat arms, including artillery officers, to form a composite third-dimensional force for an integrated battle.

Corps of Engineers


Mechanized infantry

An aspirant must read these Inspirational Novels About Army!!!

India’s Most Fearless covers fourteen true stories of extraordinary courage and fearlessness, providing a glimpse into the kind of heroism our soldiers display in unthinkably hostile conditions and under grave provocation.


Learn all about an exceptional way of life SHOOT, DIVE, FLY aims to introduce teenagers to the armed forces and tell them about the perils-the rigours and the challenges-and perks-the thrill and the adventure of a career in uniform. Ballroom dancing, flying fighter planes, detonating bombs, skinning and eating snakes in times of dire need, and everything else in between there’s nothing our officers can’t do!.


Twenty-one riveting stories about how India’s highest military honor was won. Rachna Bisht Rawat takes us to the heart of war, chronicling the tales of twenty-one of India’s bravest soldiers. Talking to parents, siblings, children and comrades-in-arms to paint the most vivid character-portraits of these men and their conduct in battle and getting unprecedented access to the Indian Army, Rawat has written the ultimate book on the Param Vir Chakra.


As India becomes a regional and global superpower, its armed forces will be expected to conduct more missions inside foreign countries, as they have in the past. Using never-before-seen secret military reports and eyewitness testimonies of the men on the ground, a former army man and journalist Sushant Singh reconstruct three forgotten Indian operations overseas: In the Maldives, Sri Lanka and Sierra Leone. These action-packed true stories shed light not just on a previously untold slice of Indian history but also the exceptional bravery of Indian soldiers fighting against all odds.


Untold accounts of the biggest recent anti-terror operations

First-hand reports of the most riveting anti-terror encounter in the wake of the 2016 surgical strikes, the men who hunted terrorists in a magical Kashmir forest where day turns to night, a pair of young Navy men who gave their all to save their entire submarine crew, the Air Force commando who wouldn’t sleep until he had avenged his buddies, the tax babu who found his soul in a terrifying Special Forces assault on Pakistani terrorists, and many more.

Their own stories, in their own words. Or of those who were with them in their final moments.
The highly anticipated sequel to India’s Most Fearless brings you fourteen more stories of astonishing fearlessness and gets you closer than ever before to the personal bravery that Indian military men display in the line of duty.


Why does a group of stranded paratroopers call for Bofors’ fire upon its own position?
Why is an old man in Palampur fighting for justice for his dead soldier son?
What makes a martyr’s father visit a young Kashmiri girl every year?

Kargil takes you into the treacherous mountains where some of Indian Army’s bloodiest battles were fought. Interviewing war survivors and martyrs’ families, Rachna Bisht Rawat tells stories of extraordinary human courage, of not just men in uniform but also those who loved them the most. With its gritty stories of incomparable bravery, Kargil is a tribute to the 527 young braves who gave up their lives for us-and the many who were ready to do it too.


In February 1999, Pakistani Army personnel, disguised as jihadi militants, infiltrated into mountainous Kargil and occupied key vantage points. Their intrusion triggered a limited war between the world’s newest nuclear states. It was a bitter battle, and one that threw up important lessons for India’s defence preparedness, as also its responses to conflicts such as this. This incisive book by General V.P. Malik, former Chief of the Army Staff, analyses the reasoning behind the Pakistani Army’s moves and tactics and reviews crucial issues such as the extent of intelligence and surveillance failure on the Indian side and the measures necessary to redress these failings. Away from questions of strategy and tactics, however, Kargil is also a reminder of the unalloyed heroism that was on display during those grim weeks, heroism that becomes a benchmark for valour.


On 3 May 1999, local shepherds report a Pakistani intrusion in Kargil. By mid-May, thousands of Indian troops are engaged in fierce mountain warfare with the aim to flush out the intruders. The Indian Air Force launches Operation Safed Sagar, with all its pilots at its disposal. While female pilots are yet to be employed in a war zone, they are called in for medical evacuation, dropping of supplies and reconnaissance.

This is the time for Saxena to prove her mettle. From airdropping vital supplies to Indian troops in the Dras and Batalik regions and casualty evacuation from the midst of the ongoing battle, to meticulously informing her seniors of enemy positions and even narrowly escaping a Pakistani rocket missile during one of her sorties, Saxena fearlessly discharges her duties, earning herself the moniker ‘The Kargil Girl’. This is her inspiring story, in her words.


‘By the time you get this letter, I’ll be observing you all from the sky. I have no regrets, in fact even if I become a human again, I’ll join the army and fight for my nation.’
This was the last letter Captain Vijyant Thapar wrote to his family. He was twenty-two when he was martyred in the Kargil War, having fought bravely in the crucial battles of Tololing and Knoll. A fourth-generation army officer, Vijyant dreamt of serving his country even as a young boy. In this first-ever biography, we learn about his journey to join the Indian Military Academy and the experiences that shaped him into a fine officer.


Do we really have control over how we feel for somebody? Can we stop ourselves from falling for someone, even if we know he’s just not right and means only trouble?

Riya is a millennial who watches Splitsvilla, worships David Guetta, sways to Ed Sheeran tunes … She knows nothing of passion, agony, gallantry, sacrifice and love—until the day she meets Captain Virat. Captain Virat is a Black Cat commando with the NSG, India’s elite counter-insurgency Special Forces unit. He is swift, sharp, lethal and dark. He has trained across the globe and wrangled with many a dangerous situation. There’s nothing he cannot handle—except his own demons.

When Riya meets Virat at an art exhibition in Delhi, sparks fly, but he then just disappears, leaving her broken-hearted. Riya moves to Mumbai to start afresh, but a different kind of danger stalks her here. Under the burning dome of the Taj Palace hotel, Riya and Virat’s lives intersect once again. Then he leaves … again. Crushed, Riya decides to leave it all behind for the remoteness of a village in Kashmir. But peace is short-lived. The prime minister’s visit to the Valley brings violence, and gunfire, back into her life. As they find themselves behind the enemy lines in PoK, can Virat snatch her away from the jaws of death this time too? Can there be a happily ever after for Riya and Virat?

Love Story of a Commando brings together the mystique and perils of the uniform with an epic romance that must brave the fragility of these present times.




War history|Important Battles of INDIA

Battle of the Hydaspes
Time: 326 BC
Between whom – took place between Alexander and King Porus of Punjab, in which Alexander won.

Kalinga War
Time: 261 BC
Between whom – Emperor Ashoka attacked Kalinga. Seeing the bloodshed of war, he vowed not to fight.

Battle of Sindh
Time: 712 A.D.
Between whom – Mohammad Qasim established the power of the Arabs.

Battles of Tarain
Time: 1191 A.D.
Between whom – took place between Mohammad Gauri and Prithvi Raj Chauhan, in which Chauhan won.

Second Battles of Tarain
Time: 1192 A.D.
Between whom – took place between Mohammad Gauri and Prithvi Raj Chauhan, in which Mohammad Gauri won.

Battle of Chandawar
Time: 1194 AD
Among whom – in this Muhammad Ghori defeated King Jaichand of Kannauj.

First Battle of Panipat
Time: 1526 AD
Between whom – between the Mughal ruler Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi.

Battle of Khanwa
Time: 1527 AD
Between whom – Babur defeated Rana Sanga.

Battle of Ghagra
Time: 1529 AD
Between whom – Babur defeated the Afghans under the leadership of Mahmud Lodi.

Battle of Chausal
Time: 1539 AD
Amongst whom – Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayu

Battle of Kanauj or Billgram
Time: 1540 AD
Between whom – Once again Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and forced him to leave India.

Second Battle of Panipat
Time: 1556 AD
Between whom – between Akbar and Hemu.

Battle of Tallikota
Time: 1565 AD
Between whom – This war ended the Vijayanagara Empire.

Battle of Haldighati
Time: 1576 AD
Between whom – between Akbar and Rana Pratap, Rana Pratap lost it.

Battle of Plassey
Time: 1757 AD
Between whom – between the British and Siraj-ud-daula, in which the British won and the foundation of British rule in India.

Battle of Wandiwash
Time: 1760 AD
Between whom – between the British and the French, in which the French lost.

Third Battle of Panipat
Time: 1761 AD
Between whom – between Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marathas, in which the French were defeated.

Battle of Buxar
Time: 1764 AD
Between whom – between the British and Shuja-ud-daulah, combined forces of Mir Qasim and Shah Alam II, in which the British won.

First Angl Mysore War
Time: 1767-69 AD
Completed – Treaty of Madras
Between whom – between Hyder Ali and the British, in which the British were defeated.

Second Angl Mysore War
Time: 1780-84 AD
Completed – Treaty of Mangalore
Between whom – between Hyder Ali and the British, which left undetermined.

Third Aangl Mysore War
Time: 1790-92 AD
Ended – Treaty of Srirangapatnam
Between whom – The battle between Tipu Sultan and the British ended by treaty.

Chaturth Aangl Mysore War
Time: 1797-99 AD
Between whom – between Tipu Sultan and British, Tipu lost and Mysore power fell.

Chiliyan war
Time: 1849 AD
Between whom – had happened between the East India Company and the Sikhs, in which the Sikhs were defeated.

India China Border War
Time: 1962 AD
Between whom – Chinese army invaded the border areas of India. Declaration of a unilateral ceasefire after a few days of war. India had to leave parts of its border.

Indo-Pakistani War
Time: 1965 AD
Between whom – The war between India and Pakistan in which Pakistan was defeated. The Simla Agreement was signed between India and Pakistan.

Indo-Pakistani War
Time: 1971 AD
Between whom – The war between India and Pakistan in which Pakistan was defeated. As a result, Bangladesh became an independent country.

Kargil War
Time: 1999 AD
Among whom – Moscow trapped by Pakistani intruders in Dras and Kargil regions of Jammu and Kashmir

Important international boundaries