Mentioned details related to the Indian Army will help the NDA & CDS aspirants during the SSB Interview. Students should learn all of them as these will be helpful in the exams.
|1||Founded||1st april 1895|
|3||Motto||Service before self|
|5.||Chief||General Manoj Mukund Naravane,PVSM,AVSM,SM,VSM,ADC|
|Equivalent NATO code||ARMY|
|Subedar Major||Subedar||Naib Subedar||Havildar||Naik||Lance Naik Sepoy|
BATTLE’S FOUGHT BY INDIA
1.INDO- PAKISTAN WAR 1947-1948( FIRST KASHMIR WAR)
2.INDO-CHINA WAR 1962
4.INDO-PAKISTANWAR-1971 (LIBERATION WAR)
The Indian Army is a voluntary service, the military draft having never been imposed in India. It is one of the largest standing armies in the world, with 1,237,117 active troops and 960,000 reserve troops.
1.Field Marshal K M Cariappa, OBE
The first field marshal of India, and was conferred the rank on 1 January 1973
2.Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, MC
The second field marshal of India,who was conferred the rank on 15 January 1986.
|Name||Rank||Date of action||Conflict|
|Somnath Sharma||Major||3 November 1947*||Battle of Badgam|
|Arun Khetarpal||Second Lieutenant||16 December 1971*||Battle of Basantar|
|Hoshiar Singh Dahiya||Major||17 December 1971||Battle of Basantar|
|Gurbachan Singh Salaria||Captain||5 December 1961*||Congo Crisis|
|Albert Ekka||Lance Naik||3 December 1971*||Battle of Hilli|
|Sanjay Kumar||Rifleman||5 July 1999||Kargil War|
|Vikram Batra||Captain||5 July 1999*||Operation Vijay|
|Manoj Kumar Pandey||lieutenant||3 July 1999*||Operation Vijay|
|Abdul Hamid||Company Quarter Master Havildar||10 September 1965*||Battle of Asal Uttar|
|Dhan Singh Thapa||Major||20 October 1962||Sino-Indian War|
|Jadunath Singh||Naik||6 February 1948*||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
|Rama Raghoba Rane||Second Lieutenant||8 April 1948||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
|Ardeshir Tarapore||Lieutenant Colonel||11 September 1965*||Battle of Chawinda|
|Shaitan Singh||Major||18 November 1962*||Sino-Indian War|
|Bana Singh||Naib Subedar||23 May 1987||Operation Rajiv|
|Ramaswamy Parameshwaran||Major||25 November 1987*||Operation Pawan|
|Yogendra Singh Yadav||Grenadier||4 July 1999||Battle of Tiger Hill|
|Piru Singh||Company Havildar Major||17 July 1948*||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
|Karam Singh||Lance Naik||13 October 1948||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
|Joginder Singh||Subedar||23 October 1962*||Sino-Indian War|
|5||South west command||Jaipur|
|7||Army Training command||Shimla|
TRAINING CENTRE’S COPRS WISE
|Armoured Corps||The Armoured Corps Centre and School, Ahmednagar|
|Regiment of Artillery||The School of Artillery, Devlali near Nasik|
|Corps of Army Air Defence||Gopalpur, Odisha.|
|Army Aviation Corps||Combat Army Aviation Training School, Nasik.|
|Corps of Engineers||College of Military Engineering, Pune|
Madras Engineer Group, Bangalore
Bengal Engineer Group, Roorkee
Bombay Engineer Group, Khadki near Pune
|Corps of Signals||Military College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE), Mhow|
Two Signal Training Centres at Jabalpur and Goa.
OPERATIONS CONDUCTED BY INDIAN ARMY
|1||During First Kashmir War||1947||Kashmir|
|2||Operation Polo||1948||Hyderabad||Indian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the incorporation of the princely state of Hyderabad in Southern India, into the Indian Union|
|3||Operation Vijay||1961||Goa, Daman & Diu||The operation by the Military of India that led to the freedom of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjidiv Islands from the Portuguese colonial holding in 1961|
|4||During Sino-Indian War||1962|
|5||During Second Kashmir War||1965|
|6||Operation Steeplechase||1971||Combined operation against Naxalites|
|7||During Bangladesh Liberation War||1971||Bangladesh||See also Battle of Longewala, Battle of Hilli, Battle of Basantar|
|8||Amalgamation of Sikkim||Sikkim||Indian Army disarmed and disbanded the Royal Guard of the Sikkimese King, after which Sikkim joined India as a State of India.|
|9||During Siachen conflict||1984||Kashmir|
|10||Operation Blue Star||1984||Punjab||Carried out to remove separatist religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab.|
|11||Operation Woodrose||1984||Punjab||Took place in the months after Operation Blue Star to “prevent the outbreak of widespread public protest” in the state of Punjab.|
|12||Operation Meghdoot||1984||Indian military’s capture of the majority of Siachen Glacier.|
|13||Operation Rajiv||1987||Indian military’s capture of Quaid Post/Bana Top.|
|14||Operation Bluebird||1987||Manipur||Indian retaliation operation to the 1987 attacks on the Assam Rifles’ outpost|
|15||Operation Pawan||1987||Sri Lanka||Operations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord|
|16||Operation Viraat||1988||Sri Lanka||It was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.|
|17||Operation Trishul||1988||Sri Lanka||Along with Operation Viraat, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.|
|18||Operation Checkmate||1988||Sri Lanka||It was an anti-insurgency operation carried out by the IPKF against the LTTE in the Vadamarachi area of northern Sri Lanka in June 1988|
|19||Operation Cactus||1988||Maldives||Paracommandos of Indian Army and MARCOS of Indian Navy oust Tamil nationalist mercenaries of PLOTE who instigated a coup in Malé in the Maldives.|
|20||Operation Vijay||1999||Kargil||Indian operation to push back the infiltrators from the Kargil Sector, in the 1999 Kargil War.|
|22||Operation Sarp Vinash||2003||Jammu and Kashmir||An assault on the largest system of hideouts used by insurgents in Jammu and Kashmir in which over 60 militants were killed.|
|23||Operation Black Tornado, Operation Cyclone||2008||Mumbai, Maharashtra||Against the 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks|
|24||Operation Surya Hope||2013||For saving people trapped in the Uttarakhand Disaster|
|25||Operation Mehar||2014||Visakhapatnam||Cyclone Hudhud|
|26||Operation All Out||2015||for flushing out militants from specially Kashmir region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.|
|27||Operation Maitri||2015||Nepal||India’s Army-led rescue and relief mission in quake-hit Nepal|
|28||2015 Indian counter-insurgency operation in Myanmar||2015||Myanmar||Indian Army allegedly conducted hot pursuit of Naga terror outfit NSCN-Khaplang along the India-Myanmar border.|
|29||2016 India–Pakistan military confrontation||2016||On 29 September 2016, Director General of Military Operations disclosed that Indian Para Commandos allegedly carried out a surgical strike 2–3 km inside Pakistan administered Kashmir crossing the Line of Control.|
|30||Operation Calm Down||2016||Jammu and Kashmir|
|31||Operation Sahyog||2018||Kerala||Indian Army launched Operation Sahyog to rescue people in flood-hit Kerala. Indian Army has deployed its men and machinery into disaster relief and rescue operations at Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad and Idukki after incessant rain|
|32||Operation Randori Behak||2020||Jammu and Kashmir|
FIELD FORMATIONS OF INDIAN ARMY
Command: Indian Army has six operational commands and one training command. Each one is headed by a general officer commanding-in-chief (GOC-in-C), known as the army commander, who is among the seniormost Lieutenant General officers in the army.
Corps: A command generally consists of two or more corps. Indian Army has 14 Corps each one commanded by a general officer commanding (GOC), known as the corps commander, who holds the rank of Lieutenant General.Each corps is composed of three or four divisions. There are three types of corps in the Indian Army: Strike, Holding and Mixed. The Corps HQ is the highest field formation in the army.
Division: A Division is headed by a General Officer Commanding (GOC) in the rank of Major General. The officer is also called as Division Commander and is having a two-star military rank. Typically, a division consists of 3-4 Brigades. At present, the Indian Army has 37 Divisions. They include a number of RAPID (Re-organised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, Infantry Divisions, Mountain Divisions, Armored Divisions and Artillery Divisions that cater to the diversified needs of the Army.
Brigade: A Brigade comprises 3 Battalions and support elements. A Brigade is commanded by a Brigade Commander, who is also called as a Brigadier. In the Army, a Brigadier is a one-star military rank officer.
In additions to regular Brigades, the Army can have other independent Brigades such as Armored Brigades, Artillery Brigades, Infantry Brigades, Parachute Brigade, Air Defence Brigades and Engineer Brigades.
Battalion: A Battalion is also called as a regiment. It is commanded by a Commanding Officer, who is a Colonel rank military officer. Typically a Battalion/Regiment comprises three platoons. A Battalion is the Infantry’s main fighting unit.
Rifle Company: A Rifle Company is commanded by a Company Commander who is of the Lieutenant or Major rank. A Rifle Company comprises of three platoons and has a strength of around 120 personnel.
Platoon: A Platoon is commanded by a Platoon Commander, who is of the Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO). Typically, a Platoon has a total strength of 32 personnel.
Section: It is the smallest unit of the Indian Army with a strength of 10 personnel. A Section is commanded by a non-commissioned officer of the rank of Havildar or Sergeant.
COMPONENTS OF INDIAN ARMY
Mountain Strike Corps
India is raising a new mountain strike corps to strengthen its defence along its disputed border with China in the high reaches of the Himalayas.
The Regiment of Artillery is the second largest arm of the Indian Army, constituting nearly one sixth of the Army’s total strength. Originally raised in 1935 as part of the Royal Indian Artillery of the British Indian Army, the Regiment is now tasked with providing the Army’s towed and self-propelled field artillery, including guns, howitzers, heavy mortars, rockets, and missiles.
Army Air Defence
The Corps of Army Air Defence (abbreviated AAD) is an active corps of the Indian Army, and a major combat formation tasked with the air defences of the country from foreign threats. The Corps is responsible for the protection of Indian air space from enemy aircraft and missiles, especially those below 5,000 feet
Army Aviation corps
The Army Aviation Corps is another vital part of the Indian Army formed on 1 November 1986. The army aviation pilots are drawn from other combat arms, including artillery officers, to form a composite third dimensional force for an integrated battle.