Category Archive : Armed Forces

Indian Air Force Complete Details|SSB

Mentioned details related to the Indian Air Force will help the NDA & CDS aspirants during the SSB Interview. Students should learn all of them as these will be helpful in the exams.

S.NOAIRFORCE
1Founded8 OCTOBER 1932
2HeadquarterNew delhi
3MottoNabhah sprsam diptam,Touch
4AnniversryDay8 october
5.ChiefAir Chief Marshal R K S Bhadauria,PVSM,AVSM,VM,ADC
Source-Wikipedia

OFFICERS RANK

Equivalent NATO codeAIRFORCE
OF-10Marshal of the Indian Air force
OF-9Air Chief Marshal
OF-8Air Marshal
OF-7Air Vice Marshal
OF-6Air commodore
OF-5Group Captain
OF-4Wing Commander
OF-3Squadron Leader
OF-2Flight Lieutenant
OF-1Flying Officer

OTHER RANKS

Master warrent officerWarrent officerJunior Warrent officerSergeantCorporalLeading AircraftsmanAircraftsman

BATTLE’S FOUGHT BY INDIA

1.INDO- PAKISTAN WAR 1947-1948( FIRST KASHMIR WAR)
2.INDO-CHINA WAR 1962
3.INDO-PAKISTAN WAR-1965
4.INDO-PAKISTANWAR-1971 (LIBERATION WAR)
5.KARGIL WAR-1999

INDIAN AIR FORCE

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is the air arm of the Indian Armed Forces. Its complement of personnel and aircraft assets ranks fourth amongst the air forces of the world.Its primary mission is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare during armed conflict.

NOTABLE COMMANDER:-

1.Marshal of the Indian Air Force Arjan Singh,DFC
The first and only Officer to be promoted to the five star rank of Marshal of the Indian Air Force.

2.Air Marshal Subroto Mukherjee,OBE
the first Indian Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Air Force.He has been called the “Father of the Indian Air Force”

P.V.C RECIPIENTS

Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon

Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, PVC (17 July 1943 – 14 December 1971) was an officer of the Indian Air Force. He was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra, India’s highest military decoration during war time, in recognition of his lone defence of Srinagar Air Base against a PAF air raid during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. He is the only member of the Indian Air Force to be honoured with the PVC.

COMMANDS

S.NONameHeadquarters
1Central Air CommandAllahabad, Uttar Pradesh
2Eastern Air Command Shillong, Meghalaya
3Maintenance Command Nagpur, Maharashtra
4South Western Air Command Gandhinagar, Gujarat
5Southern Air Command Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
6Training Command Bangalore, Karnataka
7Western Air Command New Delhi
Source-Wikipedia

TRAINING CENTRE fOR OFFICERS

  • Air Force Administrative College – Coimbatore
  • Air Force Training Academy – Hakimpet, Hyderabad
  • Air Force Technical Training Centre – Bangalore and Chennai
  • Air Force Non-technical Training Centre – Belgaon

AIR OPERATIONS

FORMATIONS OF INDIAN AIR FORCE

Wings

A wing is a formation intermediate between a command and a squadron. It generally consists of two or three IAF squadrons and helicopter units, along with forward base support units (FBSU). FBSUs do not have or host any squadrons or helicopter units but act as transit airbases for routine operations. In times of war, they can become fully fledged air bases playing host to various squadrons. In all, about 47 wings and 19 FBSUs make up the IAF.Wings are typically commanded by an air commodore.

Stations

Within each operational command are anywhere from nine to sixteen bases or stations. Smaller than wings, but similarly organized, stations are static units commanded by a group captain.A station typically has one wing and one or two squadrons assigned to it.

Squadrons and units

Squadrons are the field units and formations attached to static locations. Thus, a flying squadron or unit is a sub-unit of an air force station which carries out the primary task of the IAF. A fighter squadron consists of 18 aircraft; all fighter squadrons are headed by a commanding officer with the rank of wing commander. Some transport squadrons and helicopter units are headed by a commanding officer with the rank of group captain.

Flights

Flights are sub-divisions of squadrons, commanded by a squadron leader. Each flight consists of two sections.

Sections

The smallest unit is the section, led by a flight lieutenant. Each section consists of three aircraft.Within this formation structure, IAF has several service branches for day-to-day operations. They are:


Flying Branch:-
Flying

Technical Branch
Engineering

Ground Branch:-
Logistics
Administration
Accounts
Education
Medical
Dental
Meteorological

FLYING BRANCH

Fighter Aircrafts

AIRCRAFTORIGINTYPEVARIENTIN SERVICENOTES
Sukhoi Su-30RussiaMultiroleSu-30MKI272
MiG-29Soviet UnionMultiroleMiG-29UPG65
MiG-21Soviet UnionMultiroleBison54
HAL TejasIndiaMultiroleMK11723 MK 1 on order and 83 MK 1A planned
Dassault Mirage 2000FranceMultirole2000 H/I49Includes 7 trainer variant
Dassault RafaleFranceMultiroleEH/DH3Total 36 on order Includes 8 D/H Trainer variant
SEPECAT JaguarUK / FranceGround attackIM/IS106
SOURCE-WIKIPEDIA

Airborne early warning and control

AIRCRAFTORIGINTYPEVARIENTIN SERVICENOTES
EMB-145BrazilAEW&CNetra2Equipped with a DRDO-developed AEW&C system – 1 on order
Beriev A-50Soviet UnionAEW&CA-50EI3Equipped with the EL/W-2090 radar – 2 on order 

Reconnaissance

AIRCRAFTORIGINTYPEVARIENTIN SERVICE
Boeing 707United StatesReconnaissance1
Global 5000CanadaELINT2
Gulfstream G100Israel / USSurveillance1125 Astra2

Electronic Warfare

AIRCRAFTORIGINTYPEVARIENTIN SERVICE
Gulfstream IIIUnited StatesEW / ELINTSRA3
source-wikipedia

Aerial refueling

AIRCRAFTORIGINTYPEVARIENTIN SERVICENOTES
Ilyushin Il-78Soviet UnionAerial refuelingIl-78MKI6Equipped with Israeli fuel-transfer system
source-wikipedia

Transport

Boeing 737United StatesVIP transport737-7003
Boeing C-17United StatesStrategic airlifter11
Airbus C-295SpainTransportC-295W0Total 62 aircraft to be purchased. Price negotiations concluded.
Ilyushin Il-76Soviet UnionStrategic airlifterIl-76MD14
C-130J Super HerculesUnited StatesTactical airlifterC-130J-30[26]11Out of 12 units 1 crashed and 3 more planned
Antonov An-32UkraineTransportAn-32/32RE10446 are 32RE variant
Embraer Legacy 600BrazilVIP transport4
Dornier Do 228GermanyTransport228-201504 on order
Hawker Siddeley HS 748UKTransport57
Source- wikipedia

Helicopters

DETAILSORIGINTYPEVARIENTIN SERVICENOTES
Mil Mi-17RussiaUtility Mi-17-1V
Mi-17V-5
35
45
148
CH-47 ChinookUnited StatestransportCH-47F15
Mil Mi-26RussiaHeavy Lift0
HAL DhruvIndiaUtility9120 on order
HAL ChetakFrance / IndiaLiaison / Utility77License-built version of the Alouette III
HAL CheetahFrance / IndiaLiaison17License-built version of the SA315B Lama
Mil Mi-24RussiaAttackMi-3515
Boeing AH-64United StatesAttackAH-64E(I)17Total 22 on order
HAL RudraIndiaAttack8Total 16 on order
source-wikipedia

Trainer Aircraft

AIRCRAFTORIGINTYPEVARIENTIN SERVICE
MiG-21Soviet UnionConversion trainerU/UM39
SEPECAT JaguarUK / FranceConversion trainerIB26
Mirage 2000FranceConversion trainer2000 TH/TI7
BAE HawkUnited KingdomJet trainerHawk 132104
HAL KiranIndiaJet trainer78
Pilatus PC-7SwitzerlandBasic trainerMk II75
SOURCE -WIKIPEDIA

ALSO READ- Important details of Indian Army

Indian Army Complete Details|SSB


Mentioned details related to the Indian Army will help the NDA & CDS aspirants during the SSB Interview. Students should learn all of them as these will be helpful in the exams.

S.NOARMY
1Founded1st april 1895
2HeadquarterNew delhi
3MottoService before self
4AnniversryDay15 January
5.ChiefGeneral Manoj Mukund Naravane,PVSM,AVSM,SM,VSM,ADC
Source-wikipedia

OFFICERS RANK

Equivalent NATO codeARMY
OF-10Field marshal
OF-9General
OF-8Lieutenant General
OF-7Major General
OF-6Brigadier
OF-5Colonel
OF-4Lt.Colonel
OF-3Major
OF-2Captain
OF-1Lieutenant
Source-wikipedia

OTHER RANKS

Army

Subedar MajorSubedarNaib SubedarHavildarNaikLance Naik Sepoy
Source-wikipedia

BATTLE’S FOUGHT BY INDIA

1.INDO- PAKISTAN WAR 1947-1948( FIRST KASHMIR WAR)
2.INDO-CHINA WAR 1962
3.INDO-PAKISTAN WAR-1965
4.INDO-PAKISTANWAR-1971 (LIBERATION WAR)
5.KARGIL WAR-1999

INDIA ARMY

The Indian Army is a voluntary service, the military draft having never been imposed in India. It is one of the largest standing armies in the world, with 1,237,117 active troops and 960,000 reserve troops.

NOTABLE COMMANDERS:-

1.Field Marshal K M Cariappa, OBE
The first field marshal of India, and was conferred the rank on 1 January 1973

2.Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, MC
 The second field marshal of India,who was conferred the rank on 15 January 1986.


P.V.C RECIPIENTS

Param Vir Chakra Front and Back.png

NameRankDate of actionConflict
Somnath SharmaMajor3 November 1947*Battle of Badgam
Arun KhetarpalSecond Lieutenant16 December 1971*Battle of Basantar
Hoshiar Singh DahiyaMajor17 December 1971Battle of Basantar
Gurbachan Singh SalariaCaptain5 December 1961*Congo Crisis
Albert EkkaLance Naik3 December 1971*Battle of Hilli
Sanjay KumarRifleman5 July 1999Kargil War
Vikram BatraCaptain5 July 1999*Operation Vijay
Manoj Kumar Pandeylieutenant3 July 1999*Operation Vijay
Abdul HamidCompany Quarter Master Havildar10 September 1965*Battle of Asal Uttar
Dhan Singh ThapaMajor20 October 1962Sino-Indian War
Jadunath SinghNaik6 February 1948*Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Rama Raghoba RaneSecond Lieutenant8 April 1948Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Ardeshir TaraporeLieutenant Colonel11 September 1965*Battle of Chawinda
Shaitan SinghMajor18 November 1962*Sino-Indian War
Bana SinghNaib Subedar23 May 1987Operation Rajiv
Ramaswamy ParameshwaranMajor25 November 1987*Operation Pawan
Yogendra Singh YadavGrenadier4 July 1999Battle of Tiger Hill
Piru SinghCompany Havildar Major17 July 1948*Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Karam SinghLance Naik13 October 1948Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Joginder SinghSubedar23 October 1962*Sino-Indian War

COMMANDS

S.noNameHeadquarters
1Central commandLucknow
2East commandKolkata
2North commandUdhampur
4South commandPune
5South west commandJaipur
6West commandChandimandir
7Army Training commandShimla

TRAINING CENTRE’S COPRS WISE

NameCenter
Armoured CorpsThe Armoured Corps Centre and School, Ahmednagar
Regiment of ArtilleryThe School of Artillery, Devlali near Nasik
Corps of Army Air Defence Gopalpur, Odisha.
Army Aviation CorpsCombat Army Aviation Training School, Nasik.
Corps of EngineersCollege of Military Engineering, Pune
Madras Engineer Group, Bangalore
Bengal Engineer Group, Roorkee
Bombay Engineer Group, Khadki near Pune
Corps of SignalsMilitary College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE), Mhow
Two Signal Training Centres at Jabalpur and Goa.
Mechanised InfantryAhmednagar
Infantry
SOURCE-WIKIPEDIA

OPERATIONS CONDUCTED BY INDIAN ARMY

S.noOperationsdateplaceKey points
1During First Kashmir War1947Kashmir
2Operation Polo1948HyderabadIndian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the incorporation of the princely state of Hyderabad in Southern India, into the Indian Union
3Operation Vijay1961Goa, Daman & DiuThe operation by the Military of India that led to the freedom of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjidiv Islands from the Portuguese colonial holding in 1961
4During Sino-Indian War1962
5During Second Kashmir War1965
6Operation Steeplechase1971Combined operation against Naxalites
7During Bangladesh Liberation War1971BangladeshSee also Battle of Longewala, Battle of Hilli, Battle of Basantar
8Amalgamation of SikkimSikkimIndian Army disarmed and disbanded the Royal Guard of the Sikkimese King, after which Sikkim joined India as a State of India.
9During Siachen conflict1984Kashmir
10Operation Blue Star1984PunjabCarried out to remove separatist religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab.
11Operation Woodrose1984PunjabTook place in the months after Operation Blue Star to “prevent the outbreak of widespread public protest” in the state of Punjab.
12Operation Meghdoot1984Indian military’s capture of the majority of Siachen Glacier.
13Operation Rajiv1987Indian military’s capture of Quaid Post/Bana Top.
14Operation Bluebird1987ManipurIndian retaliation operation to the 1987 attacks on the Assam Rifles’ outpost
15Operation Pawan1987Sri LankaOperations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord
16Operation Viraat1988Sri LankaIt was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
17Operation Trishul1988Sri LankaAlong with Operation Viraat, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
18Operation Checkmate1988Sri LankaIt was an anti-insurgency operation carried out by the IPKF against the LTTE in the Vadamarachi area of northern Sri Lanka in June 1988
19Operation Cactus1988MaldivesParacommandos of Indian Army and MARCOS of Indian Navy oust Tamil nationalist mercenaries of PLOTE who instigated a coup in Malé in the Maldives.
20Operation Vijay1999KargilIndian operation to push back the infiltrators from the Kargil Sector, in the 1999 Kargil War.
21Operation Parakram2001
22Operation Sarp Vinash2003Jammu and KashmirAn assault on the largest system of hideouts used by insurgents in Jammu and Kashmir in which over 60 militants were killed.
23Operation Black TornadoOperation Cyclone2008Mumbai, MaharashtraAgainst the 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks
24Operation Surya Hope2013For saving people trapped in the Uttarakhand Disaster
25Operation Mehar2014VisakhapatnamCyclone Hudhud
26Operation All Out2015for flushing out militants from specially Kashmir region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.
27Operation Maitri2015NepalIndia’s Army-led rescue and relief mission in quake-hit Nepal
282015 Indian counter-insurgency operation in Myanmar2015MyanmarIndian Army allegedly conducted hot pursuit of Naga terror outfit NSCN-Khaplang along the India-Myanmar border.
292016 India–Pakistan military confrontation2016On 29 September 2016, Director General of Military Operations disclosed that Indian Para Commandos allegedly carried out a surgical strike 2–3 km inside Pakistan administered Kashmir crossing the Line of Control.
30Operation Calm Down2016Jammu and Kashmir
31Operation Sahyog2018KeralaIndian Army launched Operation Sahyog to rescue people in flood-hit Kerala. Indian Army has deployed its men and machinery into disaster relief and rescue operations at Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad and Idukki after incessant rain
32Operation Randori Behak2020Jammu and Kashmir
Source-Wikipedia

FIELD FORMATIONS OF INDIAN ARMY

Command: Indian Army has six operational commands and one training command. Each one is headed by a general officer commanding-in-chief (GOC-in-C), known as the army commander, who is among the seniormost Lieutenant General officers in the army.


Corps: A command generally consists of two or more corps. Indian Army has 14 Corps each one commanded by a general officer commanding (GOC), known as the corps commander, who holds the rank of Lieutenant General.Each corps is composed of three or four divisions. There are three types of corps in the Indian Army: Strike, Holding and Mixed. The Corps HQ is the highest field formation in the army.

Division: A Division is headed by a General Officer Commanding (GOC) in the rank of Major General. The officer is also called as Division Commander and is having a two-star military rank. Typically, a division consists of 3-4 Brigades. At present, the Indian Army has 37 Divisions. They include a number of RAPID (Re-organised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, Infantry Divisions, Mountain Divisions, Armored Divisions and Artillery Divisions that cater to the diversified needs of the Army.

Brigade: A Brigade comprises 3 Battalions and support elements. A Brigade is commanded by a Brigade Commander, who is also called as a Brigadier. In the Army, a Brigadier is a one-star military rank officer.

In additions to regular Brigades, the Army can have other independent Brigades such as Armored Brigades, Artillery Brigades, Infantry Brigades, Parachute Brigade, Air Defence Brigades and Engineer Brigades.

Battalion: A Battalion is also called as a regiment. It is commanded by a Commanding Officer, who is a Colonel rank military officer. Typically a Battalion/Regiment comprises three platoons. A Battalion is the Infantry’s main fighting unit.

Rifle Company: A Rifle Company is commanded by a Company Commander who is of the Lieutenant or Major rank. A Rifle Company comprises of three platoons and has a strength of around 120 personnel.

Platoon: A Platoon is commanded by a Platoon Commander, who is of the Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO). Typically, a Platoon has a total strength of 32 personnel.

Section: It is the smallest unit of the Indian Army with a strength of 10 personnel. A Section is commanded by a non-commissioned officer of the rank of Havildar or Sergeant.

COMPONENTS OF INDIAN ARMY

Infantry

Mountain Strike Corps

Defence News | To keep eye on China, Indian Army shifts Mountain Strike  Corps' HQ from Jharkhand to West Bengal


India is raising a new mountain strike corps to strengthen its defence along its disputed border with China in the high reaches of the Himalayas.

Artillery


The Regiment of Artillery is the second largest arm of the Indian Army, constituting nearly one sixth of the Army’s total strength. Originally raised in 1935 as part of the Royal Indian Artillery of the British Indian Army, the Regiment is now tasked with providing the Army’s towed and self-propelled field artillery, including guns, howitzers, heavy mortars, rockets, and missiles.


Armoured


Army Air Defence

Akash Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) System - Airforce Technology

The Corps of Army Air Defence (abbreviated AAD) is an active corps of the Indian Army, and a major combat formation tasked with the air defences of the country from foreign threats. The Corps is responsible for the protection of Indian air space from enemy aircraft and missiles, especially those below 5,000 feet

Army Aviation corps

Indian Army Mulls Setting Up MRO Base For Aviation Corps' Helicopters

The Army Aviation Corps is another vital part of the Indian Army formed on 1 November 1986. The army aviation pilots are drawn from other combat arms, including artillery officers, to form a composite third dimensional force for an integrated battle.


Corps of Engineers

On Parade [www.bharat-rakshak.com]

Mechanized infantry

The Mechanised Infantry Regiment Raising Day, Indian Army


DETAILS OF WEAPONS ,MISSILES AND VEHICALS

LATEST INDIAN MISSILES

 Anti-Tank Missile 

 Nag
 Range : 4 KM

 Helina
 Range : 7- 8 KM

 Subsonic cruise missile 

 Nirbhay
 Range : 1000 -1500 KM

 BrahMos
 Range : 290 KM

 BrahMos II
 Range : 300 KM

 Surface-to-Air Missiles 

 Akash
 Range : 30-35KM

 Barak 8
 Range : 100 KM

 Trishul
 Range : 9KM

 Air-to-air missiles 

 Astra
 Range : 60 -80 KM

 K-100
 Range : 300 -400 KM

 Surface-to-surface missiles

 Agni-I
 Range : 700-1250 KM

 Agni-II
 Range : 2,000 -3,000 KM

 Agni-III
 Range : 3,500 -5,000 KM

 Agni-IV
 Range :3,000 -4,000 KM

 Agni-V
 Range : 5000-8000 KM

 Prithvi I
 Range : 150 KM

 Prithvi II
 Range : 350 KM

 Dhanush
 Range : 350 -600 KM

 Prahaar (Pragati)
 Range : 150 KM

Shaurya
Range : 750 -1,900 KM

Also read-Important wars of india

Important Military Exercises 2020

 MITRA SHAKTI
 India + Sri Lanka
 Venue – Pune

 SLINEX
 India + Sri Lanka
 Venue – Vishakapatnam

 SURYA KIRAN
 India + Nepal
 Venue – Salijhandi, Nepal

 HAND IN HAND
 India + China
Venue – Umroi,Meghalaya

 ZAIR -AL- BAHR
 India + Qatar
Venue – Doha Qatar

 INDRA
 India + Russia
Venue – Babina (Jhansi ) , Pune ,Goa

 DUSTLIK
 India + Uzbekistan
 Venue – Uzbekistan

 SAMUDRA SHAKTI
 India + Indonesia
 Venue – Bay of Bengal

 CORPAT
 India + Bangladesh
 Venue – Bay of Bengal

 SHINYUU MAITRI
 India + Japan
 Venue – West Bengal

 DHARMA GUARDIAN
 India + Japan
 Venue – Vairangte, Mizoram

 IMNEX
 India + Myanmar
 Venue – Vishakapatnam

 NOMADIC ELEPHANT
India + Mongolia
 Venue – Bakloh, HP

 EKUVERIN
 India + Maldives
 Venue – Pune

 SAMUDRA LAKSHMANA
India + Malaysia
 Venue – Malaysia

 KAZIND
India + Kazakhstan
 Venue – Pithoragarh, UK

 SITMEX
 India + Singapore +Thailand
 Venue – Port Blair, Andaman

 VINBAX
India + Vietnam
Venue – Hanoi Vietnam

 MALABAR
India + USA+ Japan
Venue – Sasebo, Japan

 GARUDA
 India + France
 Venue – France

 SHAKTI
 India + France
 Venue – Jaipur Rajasthan

 VARUNA
 India + France
 Venue : 19.1 – Goa
 Venue : 19.2 – Djibouti

 TIGER TRIUMPH
 India + USA
 Venue – Vishakapatnam

 VAJRA PRAHA
 India + USA
 Venue – Seattle, USA

 YUDH ABHAYS
 India + USA
 Venue – Washington DC

 BOLD KURUKSHETRA
India + Singapore
 Venue – Jhansi UP

 AUSINDEX
India + Australia
Venue – Vishakhapatnam

 AL NAGAH
 India + Oman
 Venue – Oman

 NASEEM-AL-BAHR
India + Oman
Venue – Goa

SAMPRITI
 India + Bangladesh
 Venue – Umroi Meghalaya

 AJEYA WARRIOR
 India + UK
 Venue – Salisbury Plains UK

 SAHYOG – KAIJI
 India + Japan
 Venue – Chennai TN

 BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2020
 Venue – Odisha

 INDRA DHANUSH
 India + UK
 Venue – Hindon Air Force Station Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.

 EXERCISE ‘SAREX-2020 ‘
 Conducts – Indian Coast Guard
 Venue – Goa


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